The greatest physician of antiquity,

Born in Kos in 460 BC.

He said he himself saw it "by the roadside" among a number of Turkish graves. He also saw that there was an inscription on it, but he was afraid to copy it because the Turks had gathered him in a threatening manner.

Aristotle P. Kouzis, academian and university professor, wrote: Later, in March 1897, Dr. S. Samatzidis of Larissa wrote of the tomb of Hippocrates, adding that in 1826, after a flood, a villager discovered a larnax some ten minutes away from the town of Larissa to the east of the road leading from Larissa to Turnavo, on the boarder between the villages of Yannouli and Kissaio. Andreadis T. and Economidis I., scholars of Larissa, hastened to examine it. Digging down, they came upon a plague inscribed quite clearly with the name of Hippocrates, but they were afraid to go any further. However, they begged a Turkish bey, who was a protector of Christians, to look after the plague, and this was done, although the other things found in the Lamax were stolen. When the bey died, Samatzis saw the plague in his house and copied the inscription, which is published in the periodical "iatriki Melissa" (vol. 4, pp. 534, 6), and he also found the larnax.

We have no idea what happened to the larnax and the insnscription since that time.

Hippocrates was a prolific writer of the greatest importance. Of all his works, 57 have survived, and they can be classified as general, anatomical and physiological, dietetic, pathological, prognostic, relating to special knowledge, therapeutic, surgical, ophtalmologic, obstretical and genaecological, paediatric and miscellaneous. These works together with the others that have not come down to us and Hippocrates' famous Oath, were read by other doctors for many centuries and did much to convey the spirit and knowledge of Hippocrates.

Among other famous Koan doctors of antiquity (all of them directly or indirectly pupils of Hippocrates) were his sons Thessalos and Dragon, his sons-in-law Polybis, Praxagoras (the best anatomist of the 4 th century BC),Kritodemos (a famous surgeon and the personal doctor to Alexander the Great), Kalippos, who saved the lives of many citizens at Aptera in Crete, Dragon the second, Hippocrates the fifth (physician to Roxanne), Dexippos (physician to Mausolus), Erasistratos (physician to court of the Seleucids), Nicas, Sertinius Xenefon of Stertes (physician to the Emperor Claudius), Antipater Dioscourides (physician at Alassarna) and Nasander Anesipus (a pupil of the former). Hippocrates' son Dragon, who was also a doctor, is associated with a medieval myth about the island, which describes him and the sacred snake as figures of evil around the plane tree.

Thanks to Hippocrates, Kos is considered to be the cradle of medicine.
Copper engraving of the Hippocrates plane tree.

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From the book: "Kos, the Island of Hippocrates". TOUBI'S EDITIONS

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Last update: 27-02-2011.